Leaves. Bloom Description: Pale pink, deep pink, lilac, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. However, by that time the common name "geranium" for the florists plants was part of the public vernacular and it stuck. Current status in UK. Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. × hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Rose geranium oil is also said to have stronger mood and hormone balancing properties, although there’s no scientific research to back up this claim. fuchsias, geraniums, sweet peas, snapdragons, and a variety of bulbous plants including daffodils, irises,...…. Updates? The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. Corrections? The two plants were originally lumped into the one genus (genus Geranium), but in the 1780s, the genus Pelargonium was split from Geranium. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . Best in part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens. The show, or Martha Washington, geraniums (P. × domesticum, largely derived from P. cucullatum, P. angulosum, and P. grandiflorum) have large pansylike flowers, few to the cluster. Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high) 3. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Geraniaceae. Clear to Pale Yellow/Green. Origin / Native : South Africa. Color. Subordinate Taxa. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Botanical Name: Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) When you think of a rose geranium a sweet, light scent might be one of the first thoughts that comes to mind. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Geranium, (genus Geranium ), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Geranium botanical name is pelargonium graveolens, it includes around 422 species in their family. Plant Family. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Flower are broadly circular form with palmately divided leaves. Another name of geranium is 'cranesbills' it is due to their long and beak shaped fruits. It forms a dense, weed-suppressing matt of green, deeply lobed leaves, from which small, nodding, white flowers with yellow centres appear on tall stems, from late spring to early summer. “Rozanne” is the trademark name that the plant was marketed under, in honor of Mrs. Waterer. roseum. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. Watch for snails and slugs. Series uniformity and a right balance of habit and vigor make it perfect for bench runs and multiple crop turns. Cranesbill, or hardy geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Common Method of Extraction. Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloodred geranium, is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows in a mound to 9-12” tall with white-hairy trailing stems spreading over time to as much as 24” wide. Will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. Sunlight: full sun partial shade . It is known for its beneficial effects on women's reproductive health and can be helpful in easing the tension associated with the stress of daily life. Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. Steam Distilled. Geraniums are popular in cottage garden schemes and offer a long season of pollen and nectar for a number of pollinators, particularly bees. Aromatic Description. Deeply cut, palmately 5-lobed, dark green leaves (to 6" across). Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/geranium-plant-genus-Geranium, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, geranium - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), geranium - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Geranium, (genus Geranium), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL (BOURBON) Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Geranium Egyptian is a marvelous skin-balancing oil that can improve the overall skin complexion. Very Strong. Plants in the genus Geranium are also commonly used in gardens, but are typically referred to as hardy geraniums or cranesbills.) Prefers moist, humusy soils, but tolerates poor soils. Omissions? Roseum while “regular” Geranium is just known as Growing Information: Culture Guidelines. Foliage may decline after flowering in hot summer climates, at which point it may be lightly sheared back and shaped to revitalize. Rozanne Cranesbill has masses of beautiful blue flowers with white eyes at the ends of the stems from late spring to mid summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Precision™ Red Ice Ivy Geranium. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly called geraniums. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. roseum. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). This is one of the best recent Cranesbill introductions, excellent for long-season display and leagues better than older garden forms such as ‘Johnson’s Blue'. Rose Geranium essential oil FANCY LATIN NAME: Pelargonium graveolens, var. Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. Geranium sylvaticum Common name(s): Wood Cranesbill, Woodland Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Asia, Europe More infos: is also available in other blooming colors. Hardiness Zone: 3b. Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, fresh, sweet and slightly fruity. WHERE IT COMES FROM: The organic rose geranium we use is from South Africa, where the Pelargonium genus originated, but it is also grown in northern Africa, China, and several European countries. 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